*How does someone convert to Orthodoxy if they are already baptized?
All About Orthodox Baptisms
On a summary level, a person who is baptized already outside of the Orthodox religion can become an Orthodox Christian through Chrismation. If the baptism is recognized by the Greek Orthodox church (Catholic baptism, for example), then another baptism is not necessary and need not take place. A chrismation would only need to take place. A chrismation is a sacrament performed by a priest where the person is anointed with special oil called holy chrism. During the Greek Orthodox baptism, the chrismation happens right after the sacrament of Baptism (all in the same service).
Certain baptisms are recognized by
the Orthodox faith (a Catholic baptism for example) and certain religious
baptisms are not. Baptisms that are recognized by the Orthodox faith are those that conduct the baptism in the name of the Holy Trinity -the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. If the baptism is recognized, then just the sacrament of
Chrismation would be done to be entered into the Orthodox faith. If the baptism
is not recognized, an Orthodox baptism and a Chrismation would need to be
performed to convert to the Orthodox faith. Most Christian religion baptisms are recognized by the Orthodox faith - as the vast majority conduct baptisms in the name of the Holy Trinity. For example, if a Presbyterian is baptized in the Presbyterian faith and later wishes to convert to Orthodoxy, he or she would only need to be Chrismated to convert . A 2nd baptism would not be necessary. If you are in doubt if your Christian baptism would be recognized by the Orthodox church, please reference your baptismal certificate: It will state your name and then "is baptized in the name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit". Most priests will require the proof of baptism - the baptismal certificate - before arranging the Chrismation.
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